By DIANE S. WILLIAMS
On the 52nd anniversary of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s assassination April 4, 1968, we reflect on his life’s legacy: the peaceful pursuit of liberty, justice, equality for all, and service to others.
Dr. King would have been 91 this year had he lived, but his life was cut short in 1968 at the age of 39 in Memphis, Tennessee. At the invitation of the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME, DC 37’s national union), Dr. King traveled to support Black sanitation workers who were striking for fair wages, safe working conditions, and the right to belong to a union.
AFSCME pressed Dr. King to speak to Black Local 1733 members who daily bore humiliations and earned poverty wages. The last speech he ever gave, in which he famously declared that he had “been to the mountaintop,” was delivered at the Mason Temple in Memphis.
Dr. King embraced labor’s cause as a microcosm of the struggles his upcoming Poor People’s Campaign would amplify. Dr. King recognized that, “the labor movement was the principal force that transformed misery and despair into hope and progress.”
Organizers T.O. Jones, AFSCME’s Bill Lucy, and others, helped Memphis workers craft the now famous campaign slogan: I AM A MAN. This statement was a demand that the 1,300 Black sanitation workers put forth for the city of Memphis to recognize and respect their human dignity and equality.
“You are reminding not only Memphis, but you are reminding the nation that it is a crime for people to live in this rich nation and receive starvation wages,” Dr. King said.
Dr. King connected the struggle for civil rights with labor rights and economic justice. He was a staunch opponent of so-called “right-to-work” laws that make it difficult for workers to organize.
“In our glorious fight for civil rights, we must guard against being fooled by false slogans, such as ‘right to work’,” Dr. King said in 1961. “It is a law to rob us of our civil rights and job rights. Its purpose is to destroy labor unions and the freedom of collective bargaining by which unions have improved wages and working conditions of everyone…Wherever these laws have been passed, wages are lower, job opportunities are fewer and there are no civil rights… We demand this fraud be stopped.”
Dr. King’s resolve to support unions despite threat and danger to himself and his young family cost him his life. His legacy is forever tied to AFSCME and to workers’ rights.
Dr. King led a nonviolent movement that changed America for the better. He and other activists blazed a wide swath of changes to federal laws supporting civil rights, voting rights, racial and gender equality, fair housing, and more.
Since then, America’s Conservative Right has continued to turn back the clock and revoke the laws, protections, and policies that help organized labor and working families, women and immigrants, people who are poor, children, and senior citizens.
As we face the challenges that lay ahead, we do well to reflect on Dr. King’s legacy, his ideals, and principles that remain viable to strengthening unions.